How To Invest In Tech Stocks: What You Need To Know (2024)

Why Invest in Tech Stocks?

Technology stocks are a popular choice among growth-minded investors. Stocks of technology sector companies are associated with growth due to the nature of their products and services offered. The sector flourishes on innovation and disruption, thereby, promising growth and opportunity and even technological breakthroughs. Industries such as artificial intelligence, cloud computing, biotechnology and renewable energy are prime examples of what is disrupting existing technologies and processes currently. The markets have recognized these trends and we’ve seen the technology sector dominating stock market returns over time.

Over the past ten years, the technology sector has delivered an annualized return of more than 20% versus the aggregate annualized market return (benchmark S&P 500 index) of 12.4%.

The Invesco QQQ Trust ETF (QQQ), which tracks the technology benchmark Nasdaq-100 index, has outperformed the S&P 500 index-tracking SPDR S&P 500 ETF SPY) in price, over the past five years by a good margin.

So, while technology stocks are seen as very attractive from a returns perspective, there are some tips and caveats that one must bear in mind before investing in them.

Tips For Technology Stock Investing

While the growth tilt that the sector seems to offer lures most investors, you still need to do your due diligence before you invest in any tech stock.

Factors to consider when evaluating a technology stock:

  • Company fundamentals: Look for balance sheet strength, liquidity position, leverage and risk management.
  • Earnings reports and news: Given the dynamic nature of this sector, it is important to keep tabs on the latest news and developments.
  • Watch for disruption and innovation in its industry.
  • Stock valuation: Is the price right or am I overpaying? It is important to evaluate stock valuations against the market price of the stock.
  • Shareholder returns: Dividends and share buybacks, especially if you’re an income investor.
  • Understanding business risks and market competition

General investing tips for technology investors:

  • Portfolio diversification: Avoid focusing on a single industry within the sector. Technology sector stocks range from semiconductors and solar to software applications and software infrastructure. Consider a mix to diversify your portfolio within the sector.
  • Dollar-cost averaging: Since technology stocks display higher volatility, investing at regular planned intervals as opposed to all at once, helps smooth out any impact of extreme market volatility affecting your average purchase price.

From autonomous vehicles to the hugely popular ChatGPT, artificial intelligence is disrupting industries across the board, and the potential for growth is enormous. If you want to get in on the AI revolution, you need to start investing in AI stocks now. Forbes has done the research and identified 12 AI stocks to own in 2023. Get their names in this free report.

Tech Stock Examples

Here are a few examples of popular technology stocks (data as of August 4, 2023):

Alphabet (GOOGL)

  • Market Capitalization: $1.67 trillion
  • Share Price: $128.11
  • P/E (FWD): 24

Amazon (AMZN)

  • Market Capitalization: $1.47 trillion
  • Share Price: $139.57
  • P/E (FWD): 68

Apple (AAPL)

  • Market Capitalization: $2.8 trillion
  • Share Price: $181.99
  • P/E (FWD): 30

Meta Platforms (META)

  • Market Capitalization: $813.3 billion
  • Share Price: $310.73
  • P/E (FWD): 24

Nvidia (NVDA)

  • Market Capitalization: $1.12 trillion
  • Share Price: $446.80
  • P/E (FWD): 57

Technology Stock Risks And Challenges

While investing in technology stocks can get good returns, it also comes with risks and challenges. These include:

Market volatility

Technology stocks usually sport higher beta than the market average. A beta above 1, as seen for most industries that fall within the technology sector, indicates that these stocks are more volatile than the market. This poses a risk as stocks tend to overperform the market during a bull run and underperform the market to a good extent during a bear phase.

Regulatory challenges:

Given the disruptive nature of many companies in this sector, regulatory challenges have always posed a risk to the operations and expansion of such businesses.


Growth lures all, and so does this sector, so existing companies need to constantly improvise and innovate to stay ahead of the curve and retain their market share.

Key personnel changes:

Some tech companies are highly dependent on certain key personnel for their growth and innovation. Any changes to commitment from these individuals pose a risk and the markets quickly recognize and react to these.


Since many technology companies hold customer data, they are more susceptible to cyber attacks. Such events can lead to legal troubles, reputational damage and financial losses to the business.

Apart from the risks above that are more pronounced when it comes to technology stocks, you should also pay attention to intellectual property rights disputes for companies with a niche technology or product, currency risk for multinationals, cyclicity, stock overvaluation, and dividend growth and stability.

From autonomous vehicles to the hugely popular ChatGPT, artificial intelligence is disrupting industries across the board, and the potential for growth is enormous. If you want to get in on the AI revolution, you need to start investing in AI stocks now. Forbes has done the research and identified 12 AI stocks to own in 2023. Get their names in this free report.

Future Tech Sector Trends And Opportunities

Given the dynamic and constantly evolving nature of the tech sector, an investor looking for the best technology stocks should be on the lookout for trends and opportunities. Here are three key trends that now appear to be shaping the future of the technology sector:

  1. Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML): The rise in the shift of human intellect-oriented processes to machines (computers) is what artificial intelligence represents. Machine learning is a subset of AI, in which you develop algorithms and train them with data to perform complex tasks. As the use cases for AI and ML increase, the market is bound to expand as well. Research estimates the AI market to expand at a 37.3% CAGR between 2023-2030. Here’s a quick list of AI stocks that are gaining popularity among institutional investors.
  2. Edge computing and quantum computing: Edge computing attempts to bring computing and data storage closer to the source, improving response time and data bandwidth. The global edge computing market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 36.3% between 2023-2030. A10 Networks (ATEN), Akamai Technologies (AKAM), and Fastly (FSLY) are three stocks to consider if investing in this niche. Similarly, quantum computing seeks to solve complex problems faster using quantum mechanics. This niche is expected to grow at a 32.1% CAGR up to 2030. IBM (IBM), Nvidia (NVDA), IonQ (IONQ) and Rigetti Computing (RGTI) offer ways to get exposure to quantum computing.
  3. Extended reality, robotics and automation: Extended reality refers to augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR) and mixed reality (MR). Projected to grow at a CAGR of 22.7% up to 2028, some popular extended reality stocks include Meta Platforms, Qualcomm (QCOM) and Nvidia.

While the above are the key trends investors have on their watchlist, there are a few others that technology stock investors must keep an eye on. These include developments in biotech and genomics, 3D printing, blockchain, Internet of Things, 5G and cybersecurity.

Technology Stock FAQs

What are technology stocks?

Technology stocks refer to equity or shares of companies that operate in the technology sector. The technology sector comprises companies that are involved in the development, production or distribution of a technological product, service or solution. Prominent industries that operate in this sector include information technology, semiconductors, internet, software, telecommunications, e-commerce, biotech and artificial intelligence.

Why should I invest in technology stocks?

An investment in technology stocks can be made for many reasons. Given the constantly evolving nature of the products and services under its umbrella, tech stocks are often associated with high growth potential. Technology stocks of companies operating in newer or evolving segments of the market (think AI and robotics), may offer an opportunity to get in early and maximize profits from the ensuing disruption and innovation. Stocks of some mature technology companies, on the other hand, are often picked by investors for a stable income stream. To a portfolio, technology stocks help add diversification.

What are the risks of investing in technology stocks?

Risks that are more pronounced in this sector include higher volatility (given high beta), stiffer competition, disruption and technology change (possibly rendering a product or service obsolete) and cybersecurity risks (especially for solution and service firms). Besides these, these stocks are also exposed to regulatory and legal risks, earnings volatility, management change, geopolitical risks and market sentiment.

How do I choose the best technology stocks in which to invest?

The first step in every stock selection process is having a clear understanding of your investment goals, including investment horizon, risk appetite and desired return. Once you’re clear on your investment objectives, it is easier to filter and sort the best technology stocks for you. When filtering the sector to select the best technology stocks, it is important to:

  • Have a good understanding of the sector, its past trends and prospects.
  • Evaluate the financial performance of companies and assess balance sheet strength.
  • Take into account factors such as moat, competitive advantages, key personnel, growth prospects and business risks.
  • Look into the earnings and dividend forecast for the business.
  • Pay attention to stock valuations. Knowing when to buy is as critical as knowing what to buy.

Throughout the process, investors must remain cognizant of the risks associated with investing in technology stocks and be comfortable with taking them on, before investing.

From autonomous vehicles to the hugely popular ChatGPT, artificial intelligence is disrupting industries across the board, and the potential for growth is enormous. If you want to get in on the AI revolution, you need to start investing in AI stocks now. Forbes has done the research and identified 12 AI stocks to own in 2023. Get their names in this free report.

I'm an enthusiast with a deep understanding of the technology sector, particularly in the realm of investing in tech stocks. My expertise stems from years of following market trends, analyzing company fundamentals, and staying abreast of the dynamic nature of the tech industry.

Now, let's delve into the concepts presented in the article:

1. Growth in Technology Stocks:

  • Technology stocks are favored by growth-minded investors due to the innovative nature of the products and services offered.
  • Sectors like artificial intelligence, cloud computing, biotechnology, and renewable energy are disrupting existing technologies, promising growth and opportunities.
  • Over the past decade, the technology sector has outperformed the market, with an annualized return of over 20%.

2. Tips for Investing in Technology Stocks:

  • Consider company fundamentals, including balance sheet strength, liquidity, leverage, and risk management.
  • Stay updated on earnings reports, news, and industry disruptions and innovations.
  • Evaluate stock valuation to avoid overpaying.
  • Pay attention to shareholder returns, especially dividends and share buybacks.
  • Understand business risks and market competition.
  • Diversify your portfolio within the technology sector to mitigate risk.
  • Use dollar-cost averaging to manage volatility.

3. Examples of Technology Stocks:

  • Alphabet (GOOGL), Amazon (AMZN), Apple (AAPL), Meta Platforms (META), and Nvidia (NVDA) are examples of popular technology stocks.

4. Risks and Challenges:

  • Technology stocks often exhibit higher volatility, posing risks during market fluctuations.
  • Regulatory challenges, competition, key personnel changes, and cybersecurity threats are significant risks.
  • Other risks include intellectual property disputes, currency risk, stock overvaluation, and dividend stability.

5. Future Tech Sector Trends:

  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning are key trends, with a projected AI market expansion of 37.3% CAGR.
  • Edge computing and quantum computing are emerging, with specific stocks mentioned.
  • Extended reality, robotics, and automation are projected to grow, offering investment opportunities.

6. Technology Stock FAQs:

  • Technology stocks encompass companies in IT, semiconductors, internet, software, telecommunications, e-commerce, biotech, and AI.
  • Reasons to invest include high growth potential and diversification, but risks include volatility, competition, and technological change.
  • Choosing the best technology stocks involves understanding your investment goals, evaluating financial performance, and considering factors like competitive advantages and growth prospects.

In summary, investing in technology stocks offers opportunities but comes with significant risks that investors should carefully assess. Staying informed about industry trends and conducting thorough research is crucial for making informed investment decisions.

How To Invest In Tech Stocks: What You Need To Know (2024)
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